The Individual Chances of Potential Clinical Depression in Nigeria

“Depression is the sickness of the mind…”

In this part of the world, there are major postulated facts about existence. It was believed that living comes with: pain, anxiety, fear, failure, poverty, death either timely or untimely, and what is more which are not the major concern of this discourse. And if those factors are evident as said. It would be unwise not to consider the exponential psychological effect of those facts on the individual that is suffering or had suffered from it thinking it is a norm.

As declared by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). Nigeria with a supposedly total population of 200,097,145 was pronounced to be the world’s third-lowest life expectancy rate, and the lowest in West African Sub-region. The average life expectancy in Nigeria is fixed around 54.5years of age. According to WHO data women living an average of 55.4 years and men living an average of 53.7 years. Referencing, these global reports.

Nigeria managed to better off those in the Central African Republic, Chad, and Sierra Leone, with a life expectancy of 53.8, 53.6, and 52.7 years respectively. Life expectancy is a measurement of how long the average person lives in a given country. It would be pertinent to discuss life expectancy because it is in life, we experience Pain, Anxiety, Fear, Failure, Disappointment, and so on. And if experienced, those aforementioned displeasures, what psychological danger its victims may have experienced, and how has affected the quality of life they have lived.

A new study by World Bank has shown that 22 percent of Nigerians about 40 million are chronically depressed. These cannot be disconnected to economic realities, unemployment, human capital developments, especially in heavy-conflict zones or for individuals and communities that have experienced shocks or death.

After Independence in 1960, Nigeria enjoyed a life expectancy rate raging between 70-74, which was more than several other African and Asian countries. To my utmost consternation, poverty and war-stricken countries in the Middle East all have average life expectancy rates ranging between 57.3 to 72.2 years, above Nigeria. Nigeria’s low life expectancy stems from the fact the country has a lot of health issues with AIDs epidemic, Maternal mortality rate, Poliovirus, Infancy death rate, Malnutrition, Diarrhea diseases, Malaria and Covid-19 Pandemic as the major player in the low life expectancy.

All these diseases have conspicuously ravaged her citizens though little has been said about them and progress has been in some facets but considerable inattention has been paid to mental health forgetting that it is mental health problems that are sometimes associated with most chronic physical illness. In fact, for example, mental health could essentially have a preventive or positive impact on heart disease.

The Brain and Mental Health

The brain is a very complex structure. It contains billions of nerve cells called Neurons that must communicate and work together for the body to function normally. Information (Life Experience) is fed into the brain through the senses: what is heard, felt, tasted, seen, or smell is detected by the receptor in the body and sent to the brain through sensory neurons. The brain decides what to do with the information from the senses and tells the body how to respond by sending out messages through the motor neuron.

For Example, during an acute trauma, the brain stem automatically reacts to the threat by activating the fight, flight, freeze, collapse response. People tend to become angry, to defend themselves or want to flee. Some get frozen and unable to move.

The experience of trauma which can be invariable said as (Life Experience) can have unimaginable consequences and can contribute to developing additional mental health issues such as anxiety, depression, and so on.

As mental health is our emotional, physiology, and social well-being. It affects how we think, feel, and act. It also helps determine how to handle stress, relate to others, and make choices.

How do we relate Life Experience to the Brain?

The brain serves as a memory box with the capacity to store major life experiences that may be past, present or nearest future. Those experiences may be good or bad with emotional implications that will impact individual mental health negatively or positively. Either way will determine if one’s life expectancy rate will be high or low. Depression is the sickness of the mind.

A Lineal representation of this Discourse

Life Experience           (Brain)          Mental Health          Life Expectancy


  1. Life experience (Pain, Anxiety, Disappointment, Poverty) may lead to Mental Illness {if not attended to} and Life expectancy may below.
  2. Life experience (Love, Attention, Riches, Joy, Care) may lead to Mental Wellness and Life expectancy may be High.

Examples of a wide range of mental health conditions that affect mood, thinking and behavior are Clinical depression, Anxiety disorder, Bipolar disorder, Dementia, Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, Schizophrenia, Autism, and Post-traumatic stress disorder (PSTD). Our life expectancy squarely depends on how great is our mental health.

This article will furthermore discuss Clinical depression which is Mental health disorder. And why? Because in Life we experience difficult times which may have a grievous or mild effect on our one’s mental health, but not forgetting that the brain is where all these things are being felt. It was noticed to be more pronounced in women than in men.

What to Understand about Clinical Depression.

Overtime everyone had been sad because of a painful experience or an ill-fated happening that had brought about grief and sorrow. It would be normal for such feelings to disappear within a few days or a week. But a deep-seated sadness that lasts more than two weeks may be a noticeable sign of depression.

What is Clinical Depression?

Depression is the manifestation of mood disorder. Which are predominantly emotional like the sense of Sadness, Anger, Loss that sufficed with the person’s everyday activities.

These are the common symptoms of Clinical depression

1.Dark moods 2. Appetite Change 3. Forgetfulness 4. Lack of energy 5. A deep feeling of Sadness 6. Social Withdrawal 7. Suicide 8. Most Violence 9. Ineffectual Cognitive ability 8. Lack of Sexual Interest.

What could be the Causes of Clinical Depression

  1. The side effect of Drugs
  2. Lack of Exercise
  3. Substance or Drug Abuse
  4. Severe Illness
  5. For women (Wife Battery)
  6. Family History
  7. Structure of the brain
  8. Traumatic Event
  9. Unemployment

Here are types of Clinical Depression

1.Major Depression 2. Persistent Depression 3. Manic Depression or Bipolar Disorder 4. Depressive Psychosis 5. Perinatal Depression 6. Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder 7. Seasonal Depression. 8. Situational Depression

You are not in This Alone 

At some point, people were being struck by unfortunate occurrences that had infused a damaging or a turning point experience in their lives.

Let us take about Elijah in the Bible. Due to the encounter, he had Prophets of Baal on Mount Camel. Jezebel was angry about how he had slain all the prophets of Baal. She threatened to kill him. Elijah the prophet asked God to take his life because he had concluded that he was a failure (1 king 19:1-14). Even though he predicted feminine; he prayed for rain and God produced a torrent of water. He concluded that he was a failure because he was depressed.

What of Moses. He was meant to speak to the rock at Meribah but due to anger he struck the rock with his rode and water gushed (Numbers 20:11). Moses was depressed.

Another was Judas Iscariot. After he betrayed Jesus and he learned that Jesus will be crucified, Judas attempted to return the money that he had been paid for his betrayal to the chief priest. He was later depressed and committed suicide by hanging (Matthew 27:1-10).

How to Naturally Manage Clinical Depression         

  1. Acknowledgment of being Depressed
  2. Change in Lifestyle: Exercise at least 30 to 40minutes in a day and 3 to 4 times a week.
  3. Choose to be happy
  4. Music (Listen to soft Melodies): When Saul was depressed it was David that was employed to play the harp for him. So that he could be calm. Also, avoid loud music.
  5. Food: Avoid Sugar-laden foods
  6. Stress: Rest a lot and avoid stress like a plague.
  7. Sleep: Always try to have a good sleep. Your sleep time must be between 10 pm and 2 am
  8. Relax and renew your mind
  9. Drink Water
  10. Take Supplements and Vitamins: Omega-3 Fatty Acids, Probiotics, SAM-e (S-adenosylmethionine, Turmeric, Amino Acids, Magnesium, Calcium, Melatonin, Vitamin C, D, B-6, B-12
  11. Bad Food Leads to Depression: Avoid anything made of Pastry like Semolina, Spaghetti, and Noodles.
  12. Set new goals.

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